- degree of mastery of original subject (without a good understanding of the original material, transfer cannot be expected)
- degree of understanding rather than just memorizing facts
- amount of time to learn, and more specifically the time on task (or deliberate practice)
- motivation (whether students are motivated by performance or learning)
- exposure to different contexts
- problem representations and relationships between what is learned and what is tested
- student metacognition .. whether learners actively choose and evaluate strategies, consider resources, and receive feedback (active transfer), or depend on external prompting (passive transfer)
Head, C and Wolfman, S. (2008). Poogle and the Unknown-Answer Assignment: Open-Ended, Sharable CS1 Assignments. SIGCSE 2008. pp 133 - 137.
Cho, K., Schunn C., Kwon, K. (2007). Learning Writing by Reviewing. Retrieved on October 13, 2009 from here.
Bransford, J., Brown, A., Cocking, R. (eds). (2000). How People Learn. Washington: National Academy Press.